No person who denies the being of a God shall hold any office in the civil departments of this State, nor be competent to testify as a witness in any Court.Maryland – Article 37:
That no religious test ought ever to be required as a qualification for any office of profit or trust in this State, other than a declaration of belief in the existence of God[.]Mississippi – Article 14, Sec. 265:
No person who denies the existence of a Supreme Being shall hold any office in this state.North Carolina – Article 6, Sec. 8:
The following persons shall be disqualified for office: Any person who shall deny the being of Almighty God.Pennsylvania – Article 1, Sec. 4:
No person who acknowledges the being of a God and a future state of rewards and punishments shall, on account of his religious sentiments, be disqualified to hold any office or place of trust or profit under this Commonwealth.South Carolina – Article 17, Sec. 4:
No person who denies the existence of a Supreme Being shall hold any office under this Constitution.Tennessee – Article 9, Sec. 2:
No person who denies the being of God, or a future state of rewards and punishments, shall hold any office in the civil department of this state.Texas – Article 1, Sec. 4:
No religious test shall ever be required as a qualification to any office, or public trust, in this State; nor shall any one be excluded from holding office on account of his religious sentiments, provided he acknowledge the existence of a Supreme Being.There are a few things worth noting here. One is that Maryland and South Carolina have overturned their clauses (although they're still on the books). Another is the bias toward classical monotheism baked into the wording: in most of these clauses it's taken for granted that one god exists who's superior to all other beings. A third is that Pennsylvania and Tennessee also focus on belief in "a future state of rewards and punishments"—which throws deists out in the cold along with Taoists, Shintoists and many Jews. Finally, Arkansas' constitution doesn't even allow atheists to testify as court witnesses. But this is Arkansas we're talking about, so maybe we're just lucky there's no law saying we need to be shot on sight.